HACKING TRIDENT: A Growing Threat

This 38 page paper reviews the growing potential for cyber-attack on the UK’s operational fleet of Vanguard-class submarines armed with nuclear-tipped Trident II D-5 ballistic missiles, and some of the implications for strategic stability. http://www.basicint.org/sites/default/files/HACKING%20UK%20TRIDENT.pdf Malware injection during manufacturing, mid-life refurbishment or software updates and data transmission interception allow potential adversaries to conduct long-term cyber […]
This 38 page paper reviews the growing potential for cyber-attack on the UK’s operational fleet of Vanguard-class submarines armed with nuclear-tipped Trident II D-5 ballistic missiles, and some of the implications for strategic stability. http://www.basicint.org/sites/default/files/HACKING%20UK%20TRIDENT.pdf Malware injection during manufacturing, mid-life refurbishment or software updates and data transmission interception allow potential adversaries to conduct long-term cyber operations. BASIC has already highlighted the future potential for emerging technologies to deliver high confidence in global detection of submarines.1 Future weaponized underwater drones may facilitate close proximity kinetic and cyber-attacks on ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs). The report concludes that the vulnerability to cyber attacks is real. It can be reduced by significant, vigilant and continuous cyber protection, but cannot be eliminated. It is therefore essential that in addition to significant investment in cyber defense, those responsible also need to consider strategies that build resilience within the systems, and to incorporate this threat into broader assessments relevant to the choice of weapon systems, platforms and broader defense and security strategies For more information on this cyber threat, visit the article: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/hacking-nuclear-submarines-matthew-rosenquist The Applied Technology Institute (ATI) offers courses in cyber security to help government and private facilities worldwide from learning how to mitigate or prevent such occurrences. Among the courses ATI offers in cyber security is Cyber Leadership Course (CLC) with the following upcoming dates in Hanover, Maryland: https://aticourses.com/Cyber_Leader_Course.htm September 6–7 2017 and October 1–2 2017. In addition, ATI offers Tactical Digital Forensics from December 4–15 2017, also in Hanover, MD. For more information or to view ATI’s schedule of courses, visit aticourses.com or contact us at (410) 956-8805.

Earth from the ISS HDEV cameras aboard the International Space Station.

Nice live steaming video with soothing background music. Earth from the ISS HDEV cameras aboard the International Space Station. Watch the earth roll by courtesy of the ISS cameras (2016). Captured by ISS HDEV cameras on board the International Space Station.
Nice live steaming video with soothing background music. Earth from the ISS HDEV cameras aboard the International Space Station. Watch the earth roll by courtesy of the ISS cameras (2016). Captured by ISS HDEV cameras on board the International Space Station.

Get Your Camera Ready – Super-Moon November 13-14.

Get your cameras ready. The biggest, brightest full moon will be visible November 13 and 14, 2016. Take photos especially around moon rise and set times. If you get a good photo, please send a copy to us at ATI. We will feature a selection in a future blog post. The article below give useful […]
Get your cameras ready. The biggest, brightest full moon will be visible November 13 and 14, 2016. Take photos especially around moon rise and set times. If you get a good photo, please send a copy to us at ATI. We will feature a selection in a future blog post. The article below give useful hints on how to get good photos. You want some recognizable items in the foreground, such as a tree, person or building, to help frame the photo and to give a size prospective. A full moon won’t be this close again until 2034…so the largest and most visible moon in 86 years. This should also be a fun discussion and viewing opportunity for those of you who have children or grandchildren. On its elliptical orbit, the moon will come to within 221,524 miles of the Earth. It will be closer than at any time since January 1948, almost 69 years ago. The moon orbits the earth, but the dimensions of the orbit do not remain constant. The Slooh Community Observatory will offer a live broadcast for November’s full moon on Nov. 13 at 8 p.m. EST (0100 GMT on Nov. 14). http://www.space.com/34710-how-to-photograph-the-supermoon-nasa-pro-shares-his-tips.html https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/ready-to-see-the-most-super-of-all-supermoons/2016/11/11/3bfd72b6-a876-11e6-ba59-a7d93165c6d4_story.html?

Celebrating Veteran’s Day November 11, 2016 !

Military.com created this video to understanding why Veterans Day matters. Also see some of the additional links. November 11 – let us celebrate our veterans and current service members. Let us also celebrate my personal November 10 birthday for fun. http://www.military.com/veterans-day
PHOENIX, Md. (June 22, 2015) Rear Admiral Dale E. Horan, deputy director for Operations, Joint Staff, pins the Purple Heart medal to former U.S. Army Corporal Charles B. Elder for wounds he received in action while a prisoner of war from August 1951 to August 1953 during the Korean War.  Elder was captured while serving with Company G, 2nd Battalion, 38th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division.  He was taken into captivity by North Korean Forces on August 6, 1951 and held until 1953. Rear Adm. Horan was approached by Cpl. Elder's family about the missing Purple Heart Medal when he made a Veteran's Day Speech at the Jacksonville Senior Center in 2014. An Army review of Cpl. Elder's records verified his eligibility for the medal. (U.S. Navy photo by Commander Daryl Borgquist/Released)
PHOENIX, Md. (June 22, 2015) Rear Admiral Dale E. Horan, deputy director for Operations, Joint Staff, pins the Purple Heart medal to former U.S. Army Corporal Charles B. Elder for wounds he received in action while a prisoner of war from August 1951 to August 1953 during the Korean War. Elder was captured while serving with Company G, 2nd Battalion, 38th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division. He was taken into captivity by North Korean Forces on August 6, 1951 and held until 1953. Rear Adm. Horan was approached by Cpl. Elder’s family about the missing Purple Heart Medal when he made a Veteran’s Day Speech at the Jacksonville Senior Center in 2014. An Army review of Cpl. Elder’s records verified his eligibility for the medal. (U.S. Navy photo by Commander Daryl Borgquist/Released)
Military.com created this video to understanding why Veterans Day matters. Also see some of the additional links. November 11 – let us celebrate our veterans and current service members. Let us also celebrate my personal November 10 birthday for fun. http://www.military.com/veterans-day

Navy Vietnam Video – Wings Over Vietnam

I am a strong supporter of the US Navy. I enjoy Navy videos. I have two son-in-laws serving. Serval of ATI’s instructors are retired Navy. This 54 minute video provides an in-depth history of airpower during the Vietnam War. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QMJv0iheNY4&feature=share https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Stockdale James Bond “Jim” Stockdale (December 23, 1923 – July 5, 2005) was a United […]
I am a strong supporter of the US Navy. I enjoy Navy videos. I have two son-in-laws serving. Serval of ATI’s instructors are retired Navy. This 54 minute video provides an in-depth history of airpower during the Vietnam War. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QMJv0iheNY4&feature=share https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Stockdale James Bond “Jim” Stockdale (December 23, 1923 – July 5, 2005) was a United States Navy vice admiral. He was awarded the Medal of Honor in the Vietnam War, during which he was a prisoner of war for over seven years. Stockdale was the highest-ranking naval officer held as a prisoner in North Vietnam. He had led aerial attacks from the carrier USS Ticonderoga (CVA-14) during the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Incident. On his next deployment, while Commander of Carrier Air Wing 16 aboard the carrier USS Oriskany (CV-34), he was shot down in North Vietnam on September 9, 1965. During the late 1970s, he served as President of the Naval War College. Stockdale was a candidate for Vice President of the United States in the 1992 presidential election, on Ross Perot’s independent ticket.

Protecting Against the Cyber Insider Threat

This is a good article on protecting against the cyber insider threat. I quote below the action items, but you should read the full article for more insight. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/cyber-insider-threat-mellisa-wagner?trk=prof-post What you can do There are ways you can protect your organization’s (and your customer’s) data. It’s not difficult, but it will require diligence. On-board your […]

This is a good article on protecting against the cyber insider threat. I quote below the action items, but you should read the full article for more insight.

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/cyber-insider-threat-mellisa-wagner?trk=prof-post

What you can do

There are ways you can protect your organization’s (and your customer’s) data. It’s not difficult, but it will require diligence.
  1. On-board your employees in a consistent manner that properly trains them in cyber vulnerabilities
  2. Maintain this training regularly
  3. Assess your organization’s and employee’s weakness so you can better mitigate cyber vulnerabilities and risks
  4. Understand cyber risks
Your IT professionals aren’t the true gatekeepers – your employees are!  ATIcourses offers several practical cyber security training programs that can help with the ongoing need for cyber technical training.  Cyber Leadership Course(CLC) Cyber Security -Practical Boot Camp Cyber Security, Communications & Networking courses

Eisenhower Carrier Strike Group and the Air Force conducted a joint air defense exercise in the Arabian Gulf

The Applied Technology Institute (ATI) provides technical training in Radar and Missile Defense. We have been following and posting public information about the Eisenhower Carrier Strike Group as a service to our students. We also have family deployed with the Eisenhower Carrier Group. See this link for ATI Defense courses.  https://aticourses.com/schedule.htm#radar See http://www.af.mil/News/ArticleDisplay/tabid/223/Article/992085/af-navy-conduct-joint-air-defense-exercise.aspx ARABIAN GULF […]
The Applied Technology Institute (ATI) provides technical training in Radar and Missile Defense. We have been following and posting public information about the Eisenhower Carrier Strike Group as a service to our students. We also have family deployed with the Eisenhower Carrier Group. See this link for ATI Defense courses.  https://aticourses.com/schedule.htm#radar See http://www.af.mil/News/ArticleDisplay/tabid/223/Article/992085/af-navy-conduct-joint-air-defense-exercise.aspx ARABIAN GULF (AFNS) — The Eisenhower Carrier Strike Group (Ike CSG) and the Air Force conducted a joint air defense exercise (ADEX) in the Arabian Gulf Oct. 25.  
Navy Eisenhower Carrier Strike Group Operations
An F/A-18F Super Hornet, assigned to Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 32, launches from the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69) (Ike). Ike and its carrier strike group are deployed in support of Operation Inherent Resolve, maritime security operations and theater security cooperation efforts in the U.S. 5th Fleet area of operations
The objective of the ADEX was to improve integration of Navy and Air Force defense efforts while protecting aircraft carrier USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69) (Ike) from simulated aerial threats. The training was designed to simulate real-world scenarios the ship may encounter at sea. The exercise consisted of multiple platforms from both branches, including guided-missile cruisers USS San Jacinto (CG 56) and USS Monterey (CG 61), guided-missile destroyer USS Hopper (DDG 70), and the squadrons of embarked Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 3 aboard Ike. “The exercise was a big accomplishment,” said Lt. Anand Jantzen, the San Jacinto’s fire control officer and liaison officer aboard Ike. “Not only was the strike group still conducting our primary mission supporting Operation Inherent Resolve, but we also directed a joint exercise simultaneously.” The Air Force provided two big-wing tankers and two F-22 Raptors from the 525th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron to support 13 aircraft from the Ike CSG. During the exercise, both forces were utilized and divided into “red air” hostile threats and “blue air,” the strike group’s air defense force. The air support provided by the red and blue air allowed a simulation of actual engagements and an opportunity to train in scenarios, which created a challenging environment. The aircrews were able to work on their proficiency and meet different mission objectives. “We were able to exercise the full Ike CSG capability and integrate that with the Air Force,” said Lt. Cmdr. Tommy Kolwicz, the Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 86’s operations officer. “We had full integration from the fighters in the air to the tactical actions officers and watchstanders on the surface ships.” Red air’s objective was to overwhelm the CSG’s air defenses with simulated air-to-surface missiles. Aircraft flew missile profiles towards the surface ships so they could practice going through pre-planned responses and simulate shooting down anti-surface missiles. The cruisers were tested in their ability to protect Ike, which acted as a high-value unit (HVU), and demonstrated their ability to conduct air defense. “The main goal for the cruisers is to protect the HVU from air threats, and fill in as the alternate air intercept controllers in case the E-2C Hawkeye is unable to do so,” Jantzen said. Kolwicz further explained across the CSG and between both branches, there was an emphasis on gathering perspective from areas outside of normal operations. As a pilot, he was able to provide a personal view of his role to the watchstanders on the ship and learn from subject matter experts. Overall, the Navy and Air Force were able to gain hands-on understanding of each other’s tactics and capabilities. “The biggest focus was on integration,” Jantzen said. “In a real-world scenario the Air Force has aircraft that we can request to support our mission, just like we support theirs. Joint missions are the cornerstone of the United States military, and our ability to work with the other services towards a common mission makes us stronger. I’m extremely confident in the ability of all the personnel involved. It allowed everyone to see different aspects of the normal routine.”

Humor for the day. Bill Gates and Steve Jobs in Heaven.

Jim Jenkins  President ATIcourses Technical Training : defense & engineering courses.. I saw this as a LinkedIn post and thought it was funny. Originally posted to LinkedIn by Dr. Robert Mueller Bill Gates: “So, how’s heaven, Steve?” Steve Jobs: “Great ! It just doesn’t have any wall or fence.” Bill Gates: “So…?” Steve Jobs: “So, […]
Jim Jenkins  President ATIcourses Technical Training : defense & engineering courses.. I saw this as a LinkedIn post and thought it was funny. Originally posted to LinkedIn by Dr. Robert Mueller
Humor - Bill Gates and Steve Jobs discussing Heaven
Humor – Bill Gates and Steve Jobs discussing Heaven
Bill Gates: “So, how’s heaven, Steve?” Steve Jobs: “Great ! It just doesn’t have any wall or fence.” Bill Gates: “So…?” Steve Jobs: “So, we don’t need any Windows and Gates. I’m sorry, Bill, I didn’t mean to offend you.” Bill Gates: “It’s ok Steve, but I heard a rumor.” Steve Jobs: “Oh, what rumor?” Bill Gates: “That nobody is allowed to touch Apple there, and there are no Jobs in heaven.” Steve Jobs : “Oh no, definitely there are, but only no-pay Jobs. Therefore definitely no Bill in heaven as everything will be provided free…. Lori Ruff – Okay… that’s creative. 🙂 Daniel Mumby “That StartUp Guy    “”The wifi is much better now”

Third Attack on USS Mason Fired on Again Off Coast of Yemen Oct 15, 2016

CNO Richardson: USS Mason ‘Appears to Have Come Under Attack’ CNO Richardson: USS Mason ‘Appears to Have Come Under Attack’ Sam LaGrone – USNI – October 15, 2016 “A US Strike Group transiting international waters in the Red Sea detected possible inbound missile threats and deployed appropriate defensive measures,” a US defense official said, speaking […]
CNO Richardson: USS Mason ‘Appears to Have Come Under Attack’
CNO Richardson: USS Mason ‘Appears to Have Come Under Attack’
Sam LaGrone – USNI – October 15, 2016 “A US Strike Group transiting international waters in the Red Sea detected possible inbound missile threats and deployed appropriate defensive measures,” a US defense official said, speaking on the condition of anonymity. “Post event assessment is ongoing. All US warships and vessels in the area are safe.” The USS Mason destroyer, which was sailing in international waters off Yemen’s coast earlier this week, used unspecified countermeasures against the incoming missiles, a military official said.
USS Mason Defends Itself for the Third Time
USS Mason Defends Itself for the Third Time
If confirmed, the attempted missile strikes would be the most serious escalation yet of the US involvement in a deadly civil war that has killed more than 6,800 people, wounded more than 35,000 and displaced at least three million since a Saudi-led coalition launched military operations last year. Officials have stressed that Washington wants to avoid getting embroiled in yet another war in an already volatile region. On Thursday, the US Navy launched five Tomahawk cruise missiles at three mobile radar sites in Huthi-controlled territory on Yemen’s Red Sea coast, after the Iran-backed rebels blasted rockets at the USS Mason twice in four days. See the earlier blog post. https://aticourses.com/blog/index.php/2016/10/13/cole-attack-12-o…tack-oct-11-2016/ The social media of retired naval officers is filled with angry comments. They want to see a strong military response that immediately attacks the shooters and deters future hostile action. They cannot believe that the US military doesn’t know a lot more and has not responded more vigorously to-date. They say:
  1. What you say when you don’t want to respond in kind!  Where was the counter-batter attack?
  2. Didn’t we know where they came from, with all the hi-tech detection and satellite info we have in use?
You may anonymously respond to me directly at jim.jenkins@aticourses.com and just tell me that you do not want your name used including additional open source web references. This is a big story to me as I have children deployed with the Eisenhower carrier group. It is hard to believe the US does not know more 24 hours after the attacks.  http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/article-3840274/Missiles-fired-US-warships-Red-Sea-no-casualties-US-official.html http://abcnews.go.com/International/missiles-fired-us-ship-off-yemen/story?id=42832766

The New Cold War, Training for the Un-Thinkable – CBS 60 Minutes: 18 Sep

This information was posted on the USNA-At-Large yahoo group. The New Cold War, Training for the Un-Thinkable. It show the training and safety procedures to prevent an inadvertent launch. It is rare to get a detailed unclassified video about SSBN launch procedures. I am proud to have been a part of the SSBN Security program at JHU/APL for more […]
This information was posted on the USNA-At-Large yahoo group. The New Cold War, Training for the Un-Thinkable. It show the training and safety procedures to prevent an inadvertent launch. It is rare to get a detailed unclassified video about SSBN launch procedures. I am proud to have been a part of the SSBN Security program at JHU/APL for more than 30 years. I have great faith in the professionalism of the US SSBN command and the officers on-board. Jim Jenkins, ATIcourses and JHU/APL is a customer for ATI technical training CBS 60 Minutes: The New Cold War, 18 Sep http://www.cbsnews.com/videos/preview-the-new-cold-war/ 60 Minutes takes viewers inside the U.S. nuclear arsenal for a rare look at the military practicing the unthinkable. David Martin reports on Sunday, Sept. 18 at 7:30 p.m. ET and 7 p.m. PT.  

911 and West Point Graduates Killed In Military Since Action 9-11:

911 and West Point graduates Killed In Military Since Action 9-11: This a tribute page to West Point graduates that were killed in action since 9-11. Go to the site. When you click on a name you will get a photograph and a brief story of there death. Many were killed in Afghanistan or Iraq. It is especially […]
911 and West Point graduates Killed In Military Since Action 9-11: This a tribute page to West Point graduates that were killed in action since 9-11. Go to the site. When you click on a name you will get a photograph and a brief story of there death. Many were killed in Afghanistan or Iraq. It is especially sad to notice the number who were married and had children. http://www.west-point.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=81&Itemid=75  

911 and the US Naval Academy Graduates

911 and the US Naval Academy Graduates I personally and ATI are strong supporters of the US Military and the effort and sacrifices that the Armed Forces make to protect our freedoms. This is a Us Naval Alumni Association presentation of a tribute that was posted USNA-At-Large. Go to:  http://www.usna.com/911 You can see the pictures of […]
911 and the US Naval Academy Graduates I personally and ATI are strong supporters of the US Military and the effort and sacrifices that the Armed Forces make to protect our freedoms. This is a Us Naval Alumni Association presentation of a tribute that was posted USNA-At-Large. Go to:  http://www.usna.com/911 You can see the pictures of the 14 lost on 9/11 and the 57 since 9/11 who gave their lives in service to our country.  If you click on the picture, you will see their name.  If you enter a name where provided, you will be provided with a bio. May God be with them and their families!  

Video – New Test Success – Navy’s Naval Integrated Fire Control-Counter Air concept (NIFC-CA)

Video – New Test Success – Navy’s Naval Integrated Fire Control-Counter Air concept (NIFC-CA) ATI teaches more than 50 courses on EW, Missile Systems and Radar Tracking. We thought this article would interest our students. This test combines the F-35B EW system with the Aegis System in a new way. https://news.usni.org/2016/09/13/video-successful-f-35-sm-6-live-fire-test-points-expansion-networked-naval-warfare Using targeting information transmitted […]
Video – New Test Success – Navy’s Naval Integrated Fire Control-Counter Air concept (NIFC-CA) ATI teaches more than 50 courses on EW, Missile Systems and Radar Tracking. We thought this article would interest our students. This test combines the F-35B EW system with the Aegis System in a new way. https://news.usni.org/2016/09/13/video-successful-f-35-sm-6-live-fire-test-points-expansion-networked-naval-warfare Using targeting information transmitted from the Marine Corps F-35B, the Navy’s Aegis test site at the White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico launched an SM-6 anti-air missile and struck a target representing an adversarial fighter. F-35 sensors include the Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar capable of air-to-air operations, air-to-surface operations, and a broad spectrum of electronic warfare and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions. The unmodified F-35 picked up the target with its own sensors and routed the track via the fighter’s Multifunction Advanced Data Link (MADL pronounced: MAHdel) to the Navy’s USS Desert Ship (LLS-1) test platform running the Baseline 9 Aegis Combat System. Lockheed and the Navy attached a MADL antenna to the combat system to receive the track information that fed the information to the SM-6. https://news.usni.org/2016/09/13/video-successful-f-35-sm-6-live-fire-test-points-expansion-networked-naval-warfare To learn more about the F35 go to https://www.f35.com/ https://www.f35.com/media/photos To learn more about ATI’s more than  50 courses on EW, Missile Systems and Radar Tracking https://aticourses.com/catalog_of_all_ATI_courses.htm#radar      

Zumwalt Destroyer Moving Toward Commissioning

The Navy gave a first look inside the stealthy and futuristic Zumwalt destroyer on Friday during the ship’s first port stop at a Rhode Island naval station. The 610-foot-long warship has an angular shape to minimize its radar signature and cost more than $4.4 billion. It’s the most expensive destroyer built for the Navy. It’s […]

The Navy gave a first look inside the stealthy and futuristic Zumwalt destroyer on Friday during the ship’s first port stop at a Rhode Island naval station.

160908-N-CS971-005 NEWPORT, R.I. (Sept. 8, 2016) The guided-missile destroyer Pre-Commissioning Unit (PCU) Zumwalt (DDG 1000) arrives at Naval Station Newport, Rhode Island during its maiden voyage from Bath Iron Works Shipyard in Bath, Maine. The port visit marks Zumwalt’s first stop before the ship ultimately sails to her new homeport of San Diego. During the transit, the ship is scheduled to take part in training operations, a commissioning ceremony in Baltimore and various additional port visits. Zumwalt is named for former Chief of Operations Elmo R. Zumwalt and is the first in a three-ship class of the Navy’s newest, most technologically advanced multi-mission guided-missile destroyers. (U.S. Navy photo by Haley Nace/Released)

The 610-foot-long warship has an angular shape to minimize its radar signature and cost more than $4.4 billion. It’s the most expensive destroyer built for the Navy. It’s headed from Naval Station Newport to Baltimore, where it will be commissioned in October before going to its homeport in San Diego. It was built at Bath Iron Works in Maine.

It is on its way to its commissioning in Baltimore on Oct. 15. The USS Zumwalt is docked at Naval Station Newport on Thursday after its arrival from Maine. The first of three Zumwalt class destroyers, the Zumwalt is about 1½ times the size of the previous Arleigh Burke class destroyers but is manned by only 147 sailors, about half the size of a Burke crew.

http://bigstory.ap.org/article/5780f73caee642cdbab5e4e7dd83a082/us-navy-gives-look-inside-futuristic-44b-zumwalt-destroyer

Interestingly enough, we blogged about this as a “ship of the future” in 2014:

https://aticourses.com/blog/index.php/2014/10/01/navys-stealth-ship-of-the-future-zumwalt/

This link discuss the third Zumwalt ship. Navy consideration of scrapping third ship of Zumwalt-class destroyer to save money.

http://www.militaryaerospace.com/articles/2015/09/zumwalt-class-destroyer.html

The following was posted to USNA-AT-LARGE Yahoo group and was written by Roger Barnett, Professor Emeritus, Naval War College.

Visited Zumwalt yesterday–not USS Zumwalt yet.  (That happens on October 15 in Baltimore:

Local news write-up here:  https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/122348/State%20of%20the%20art%20ship%20visits%20Naval%20Station%20Newport%20%7C%20Page%20One%20%7C%20newportri.com.pdf

Wore my USS Texas  (BB-35) shirt because I was interested in a comparison of that battleship and the new destroyer.  Here’s a bare-bones look at size, complement, and cost:

Zumwalt (2016)     USS Texas (1914)
Length                610ft              573ft
Beam                   81ft               95ft
Displacement     16,000T        27,000T
Complement       147                1,042
Cost                     ≈$4b              $11m in 1912 (≈$275m today)

•  Toured the ship with a group of 25.  Was onboard for about 30 minutes, toured forecastle–no ground tackle in view; bridge–3 watchstanders when ship is underway, (also three watchstanders in engineering, I was told)  very poor visibility from small windows, but large video screens above the windows, all the way around.  Not possible to position lookouts out in the elements.  External visibility must be minimal at night.  Then to Combat:  About 15 workstations in large room, about 20 feet high.  CO’s battlestation on centerline of space, 2/3ds of way back.  Large video screens all around.

•  Ship has complement of 147.  There is no such thing as a separate condition 3; ship is always at condition 3 when underway–owing to automation, no additional stations to fill.

•  No non-rated aboard. All enlisted are E-4 to E-9.  Enlisted live in 4-person compartments, each with its own head.  Officers–except CO, XO, Unit CDR, and Chief of Staff–and most senior CPO’s in 2-person staterooms, en suite.  Ship has about 60 heads (!), which are cleaned by occupants.  I did not ask who cleans CO’s and Unit CDR’s heads.

•  Weapons: 80 VLS launch cells located on the periphery of the ship–outside the lifelines, which are removed when the ship is underway–in the forward third of the ship.  Also two 155mm advanced gun systems in two mounts forward and two 30-mm gun systems that are for defense against small craft swarm tactics (https://news.usni.org/2014/08/05/navy-swaps-anti-swarm-boat-guns-ddg-1000s).  Can embark two MH-60 helos; can also carry drones, which would be embarked as a detachment with controllers, but not simultaneously with helos.  Can carry two RHIBs.  Ship had only one aboard as we saw when we visited the boat deck.  Tour guide said they were investigating loading V-22 Ospreys, but there was an issue with the exhausts damaging the nonskid on the flight deck.  (NFI)

•  Very large composite superstructure, housing SPY-radar system, must be vulnerable to attack with high velocity frag warheads.  SPY not yet installed.  Small navigation radars fore and aft are temporary until SPY system is installed while ship is in San Diego.

•  Ship’s firefighting suite uses fresh water.  Officer conducting tour said he did not know why, except that salt water was more conductive and more damaging to electronics than fresh water.  This was an eye-opener for me, who tends to believe that a fire aboard ship takes precedence to concerns about harming the electronic suite.  The mindset, however, is that the electronic system is life, and without it you will be sure to die, so it is always the top priority.  If someone knows more about this than I do, please enlighten!

•  Electric drive; gas turbine prime movers.

•  Other specs well laid out

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zumwalt-class_destroyer#cite_note-usni5aug14-8

•  Ship class at inception was for 32 ships, now the plan is to build 3.  Follows fairly closely the fate of the B-2 bomber.

Amazing Video of the Planning and Work for B-29 Bombing of Japan during WW II.

This is an amazing video for World War II. The Academy Award-nominated documentary, which shows the 21st Bombing Command and its role in the B-29 bombing of Japan. This film is about 35 minutes long.  To think of 600 B-29s all taking off from 3 locations and coordinating to bomb Japan at one time to fly […]
This is an amazing video for World War II. The Academy Award-nominated documentary, which shows the 21st Bombing Command and its role in the B-29 bombing of Japan. This film is about 35 minutes long.  To think of 600 B-29s all taking off from 3 locations and coordinating to bomb Japan at one time to fly 3000 miles is beyond imagination. Look at the planning and control without the computers and GPS of today. This is worth viewing for anyone working in military research and planning. The P-51 fighter  & B29 bomber footage is remarkable. We all owe a great debt of gratitude to the Greatest Generation. https://archive.org/details/TheLastBomb1945 This was recently posted by USNA-At-Large group and is worth viewing. The group is a good source of Navy- and Defense- related information.

The Right Way to Lose a War: America in an Age of Unwinnable Conflicts

This was an interesting post in the USNA-At-Large yahoo group. I have not yet read the book, but intend to read it. Why has America stopped winning wars? For nearly a century, up until the end of World War II in 1945, America enjoyed a Golden Age of decisive military triumphs. And then suddenly, we stopped […]
This was an interesting post in the USNA-At-Large yahoo group. I have not yet read the book, but intend to read it. Why has America stopped winning wars? For nearly a century, up until the end of World War II in 1945, America enjoyed a Golden Age of decisive military triumphs. And then suddenly, we stopped winning wars. The decades since have been a Dark Age of failures and stalemates-in Korea, Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan-exposing our inability to change course after battlefield setbacks. In this provocative book, award-winning scholar Dominic Tierney reveals how the United States has struggled to adapt to the new era of intractable guerrilla conflicts. As a result, most major American wars have turned into military fiascos. And when battlefield disaster strikes, Washington is unable to disengage from the quagmire, with grave consequences for thousands of U.S. troops and our allies. But there is a better way. Drawing on interviews with dozens of top generals and policymakers, Tierney shows how we can use three key steps-surge, talk, and leave-to stem the tide of losses and withdraw from unsuccessful campaigns without compromising our core values and interests. Weaving together compelling stories of military catastrophe and heroism, this is an unprecedented, timely, and essential guidebook for our new era of unwinnable conflicts. The Right Way to Lose a War illuminates not only how Washington can handle the toughest crisis of all-battlefield failure-but also how America can once again return to the path of victory. https://www.amazon.com/Right-Way-Lose-War-Unwinnable/dp/0316254886?SubscriptionId=AKIAIKJRNMJ5ZD7W6HAQ&tag=forepolires06-20&linkCode=xm2&camp=2025&creative=165953&creativeASIN=0316254886&utm_source=FPRI+E-Mails&utm_campaign=a6865c8b98-FPRI+Insights+08272016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_e8d0f13be2-a6865c8b98-157837661

Wow! The world’s first website went online 25 years ago Aug 6, 1991

On this day 25 years ago the world’s first website (Aug 6, 1991)  went live to the public. The site, created by Sir Tim Berners-Lee, was a basic text page with hyperlinked words that connected to other pages. We have come a long way baby! Berners-Lee used the public launch to outline his plan for […]
On this day 25 years ago the world’s first website (Aug 6, 1991)  went live to the public. The site, created by Sir Tim Berners-Lee, was a basic text page with hyperlinked words that connected to other pages. We have come a long way baby! Berners-Lee used the public launch to outline his plan for the service, which would come to dominate life in the twenty-first century. See the story at the link below. I am impressed and I lived through that period. The current ATIcourses.com web site and domain name was created in July 1999. There was a web site hosted on Catalog.com/hitekweb for a number of years prior to 1999. Applied Technology Institute was founded in 1984, more than 32 years ago. It has been an exciting period as the web, email and technology exploded with potential http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2016/08/06/the-worlds-first-website-went-online-25-years-ago-today/   Jim Jenkins  https://aticourses.com/about.htm

Great story on the Aegis Ashore missile defense system

This is a great story on the Aegis Ashore missile defense system. It takes the Aegis Defense system ashore to Deveselu, Romania. An expansion is planned to Poland. To learn about relevant ATI Defense courses go to https://aticourses.com/catalog_of_all_ATI_courses.htm#radar For more information including a video and graphic of the European Missile Defense System go to: https://news.usni.org/2016/07/01/usni-news-video-whats-aegis-ashore USNI […]
This is a great story on the Aegis Ashore missile defense system. It takes the Aegis Defense system ashore to Deveselu, Romania. An expansion is planned to Poland. To learn about relevant ATI Defense courses go to https://aticourses.com/catalog_of_all_ATI_courses.htm#radar For more information including a video and graphic of the European Missile Defense System go to: https://news.usni.org/2016/07/01/usni-news-video-whats-aegis-ashore USNI News Video: What is Aegis Ashore? Sam LaGrone – July 1, 2016 – USNI In May, the U.S. Navy and the Missile Defense Agency activated a maritime radar about 200 miles away from any saltwater. The Lockheed Martin SPY-1D radar is installed in Deveselu, Romania and is the heart of the Aegis Ashore missile defense system built on systems found on the Navy’s guided missile cruisers and destroyers.   “To put it simply, our new missile defense architecture in Europe will provide stronger, smarter, and swifter defenses of American forces and America’s Allies. It is more comprehensive than the previous program; it deploys capabilities that are proven and cost-effective; and it sustains and builds upon our commitment to protect the U.S. homeland against long-range ballistic missile threats; and it ensures and enhances the protection of all our NATO Allies,” President Obama said in 2009.  

LinkedIn Sale to Microsoft – I found this article of interest.

I found this article of interest. I use LinkedIn to make professional contacts. I enjoy it as a way of keeping in contact. I have many instructors, technical experts and media contacts as connections and more than 4805 connections. Contact me directly at: jim.jenkins@aticourses.com. Please connect with me on LinkedIn. www.linkedin.com/in/jimjenkinsati/ Why is Microsoft buying […]
I found this article of interest. I use LinkedIn to make professional contacts. I enjoy it as a way of keeping in contact. I have many instructors, technical experts and media contacts as connections and more than 4805 connections. Contact me directly at: jim.jenkins@aticourses.com. Please connect with me on LinkedIn. www.linkedin.com/in/jimjenkinsati/ Why is Microsoft buying LinkedIn? By Tom Warren on June 13, 2016 11:05 am Microsoft just surprised the world with its LinkedIn acquisition. Valued at $26.2 billion, it’s a huge price to pay for a social network, and it tops the charts as Microsoft’s biggest-ever acquisition. As Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella’s first major acquisition, the success or failure of LinkedIn will define him as the leader of Microsoft’s increasingly service-driven future. Nadella’s internal memo does a good job of providing a basic outline to partially answer that question, and more. Nadella points out that LinkedIn is “how people find jobs, build skills, sell, market and get work done.” It’s a key tool in the professional work space, with 433 million members and more than 2 million paid subscribers. Microsoft itself has more than 1.2 billion Office users, but it has no social graph and has to rely on Facebook, LinkedIn, and others to provide that key connection. http://www.theverge.com/2016/6/13/11920938/microsoft-linkedin-acquisition-why-report

Memorial Day 2016 Tribute – John McCain recounts fellow POWs’ astounding bravery in Vietnam

Applied Technology Institute (ATIcourses or ATI) is proud to support the US Defense Forces, with strong personal and corporate ties to the US Navy. This 1 1/2 minute video Memorial Day 2016 Tribute is worth viewing to remind us all of the sacrifices made to defend our freedom and way of life. http://www.militarytimes.com/story/veterans/2016/05/27/mccain-memorial-day-video/85034226/
Applied Technology Institute (ATIcourses or ATI) is proud to support the US Defense Forces, with strong personal and corporate ties to the US Navy. This 1 1/2 minute video Memorial Day 2016 Tribute is worth viewing to remind us all of the sacrifices made to defend our freedom and way of life. http://www.militarytimes.com/story/veterans/2016/05/27/mccain-memorial-day-video/85034226/

In Memory of Robert Farquhar

I also knew Robert Farquhar from the times that I worked at APL. He also worked with several of existing ATI instructors. He was know for his brilliance and persistence. Read full article.
I also knew Robert Farquhar from the times that I worked at APL. He also worked with several of existing ATI instructors. He was know for his brilliance and persistence. Read full article.

Fun post on Deflategate with STEM applications

This is a fun article on measuring the bounce of under-and over- inflated footballs, basketballs and soccer balls. It can attract interest in STEM and applying the scientific method. “The purpose of this article (Bouncing Back From “Deflategate” Bouncing Back From “Deflategate”) is to bring “Deflategate and the Physics of a Bouncing Ball” into the […]
This is a fun article on measuring the bounce of under-and over- inflated footballs, basketballs and soccer balls. It can attract interest in STEM and applying the scientific method. “The purpose of this article (Bouncing Back From “Deflategate” Bouncing Back From “Deflategate”) is to bring “Deflategate and the Physics of a Bouncing Ball” into the laboratory activities of high school and undergraduate introductory physics courses in a way that does not involve the ideal gas law.” Read more here.


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I thought that this was an awesome post about 100 entrepreneurs and their brief quotes.

I thought that this was an awesome post about 100 entrepreneurs and their brief quotes. http://www.getsidekick.com/blog/100-entrepreneurship-lessons? Examples include: Billionaire CEOs of technology companies (ex. Steve Jobs, Mark Zuckerberg) Aggressive hedge fund managers (ex. George Soros, Ray Dalio) World-class athletes and performers (ex. Serena Williams, Tiger Woods) Highly-effective authors, actors, directors, and movie producers (ex. JK […]
I thought that this was an awesome post about 100 entrepreneurs and their brief quotes. http://www.getsidekick.com/blog/100-entrepreneurship-lessons? Examples include: Billionaire CEOs of technology companies (ex. Steve Jobs, Mark Zuckerberg) Aggressive hedge fund managers (ex. George Soros, Ray Dalio) World-class athletes and performers (ex. Serena Williams, Tiger Woods) Highly-effective authors, actors, directors, and movie producers (ex. JK Rowling, Steven Spielberg) Leading inventors and scientists (Edison, Ford) Which quotes or people resonate with your life experience?    

Geographic Information Systems

What Is a Geographic Information System? In 1988 the Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee defined the term Geographic Information System in the following manner: “a system of computer hardware, software, and procedures designed to support the capture, management, manipulation, analysis, and display of spatially referenced data for solving complex planning and management problems.” In essence, such […]
What Is a Geographic Information System? In 1988 the Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee defined the term Geographic Information System in the following manner: “a system of computer hardware, software, and procedures designed to support the capture, management, manipulation, analysis, and display of spatially referenced data for solving complex planning and management problems.” In essence, such a system is an electronic spreadsheet coupled with powerful graphic-manipulation and display capabilities. The three most important elements of a typical Geographic Information System can be summarized as follows: 1. Cartographic capability 2. Data management capability 3. Analytical capability The cartographic capabilities built into a Geographic Information System permit the computer – amply aided by skilled human operators – to produce accurate maps and engineering drawings in a convenient pictorial format. Once the digital maps have been constructed and annotated, the computer is used to manipulate the finished product in various specific ways to produce layered maps bristling with colorful attribute symbols. The data management capabilities enable the GIS operators to store and manipulate map-related information in convenient graphic and non-graphic formats. The storage and manipulation of the non-graphic information is often called “attribute processing”. Operators who are trained to handle the attribute processing can select the desired map data to produce colorful reports laced with a rich mixture of graphics, tabular information, and pictorial attributes. The analytical capabilities associated with today’s GIS software permit the trained operators to process and interpret spatial, tabular, and graphical data in a variety of useful ways. They can, for instance, measured the distance between two points or determine the areas of the various shapes pictured on the screen. The analytical capabilities also help the operators plan, design, and manage such important resources as roads, buildings, bridges, and waterways with maximum practical efficiency. Reaping The Practical Benefits of GIS Technology All around the world, government professionals, utility engineers, and efficiencyminded entrepreneurs have been quietly investing tens of millions of dollars in attempting to perfect a wide variety of Geographic Information Systems. The GIS routines they have been financing are capable of storing, manipulating, and analyzing complicated electronic maps to increase the efficiency of various largescale operations including city planning, resource management, emergency vehicle dispatch, and water distribution.
Even the simplest Geographic Information Systems contain a rich mixture of graphical and alphanumeric information stored in a database that can be manipulated electronically by trained human operators. The information contained in the various layers can be combined, modified, analyzed, and displayed in limitless combinations. The spatial information, its associated attributes, and any necessary alphanumeric labels and notations are imaged and printed using full-color computer-driven printers and video displays.
Regional and state governments, for example, use GIS to develop country maps, devise the most efficient deployments for public buses, repair roads, collect taxes, chart the spread of contagious diseases, and nail down new election districts. GIS technology is also being used in some of the most economically underdeveloped countries in the world. As you will learn at a later blog, technicians in Gambia, a tiny country on the West Coast of Africa, have been using GIS processing techniques coupled with inexpensive Navstar GPS receivers to monitor illegal fishing activities in their country’s territorial waters. Jack Dangermond, President of Environmental Systems Research; is convinced that Geographic Information Systems will rapidly spread to other Third-World countries whose citizens will experience immediate benefits. “GIS technology, because of its low-cost, high reliability, user-friendliness and wide usefulness, will be adopted by many users outside the highly developed technological societies,” he asserts. “This offers tremendous promise for improving the future for billions of people on planet Earth.” Of course, Geographic Information Systems will be broadly adopted by users around the world only if sponsors can foresee measurable economic benefits. Fortunately, for several decades, such benefits have been reported in industry literature and by many users. In 1968, for instance, the Texas Electronic Service Company introduced a grid-based load-management system for its massive electrical transformers. Using rather primitive GIS techniques, company technicians easily found and documented $1 billion in savings over a four-year period. Similarly, when the Denver Water Department implemented a GIS-based system for its engineering and planning functions, professional technicians on their staff pinpointed immediate savings in time, energy, and labor. Before automation, drafters typically spent two months turning out drawings for each set of 100 cross-sectional maps. After automation, those same products were typically completed in less than two days

The Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS)

THE MICROWAVE LANDING SYSTEM As soon as a reasonably full constellation of Navstar satellites began to arrive in space, the Federal Aviation Administration approved the use of well-design Navstar receivers as a supplemental means of airborne navigation. With that approval, properly equipped airplanes could use the system for point-two-point vectoring and non-precision approach. While the […]
THE MICROWAVE LANDING SYSTEM As soon as a reasonably full constellation of Navstar satellites began to arrive in space, the Federal Aviation Administration approved the use of well-design Navstar receivers as a supplemental means of airborne navigation. With that approval, properly equipped airplanes could use the system for point-two-point vectoring and non-precision approach. While the GPS constellation was being installed, the Microwave Landing System (MLS) was being touted as the favored means for landing airplanes under bad-whether conditions at properly instrumented airports all around the world. A total of 1250 American airports were schedule for Microwave Landing System installations, but, even so, eighty percent of our countries airfields would still have lacked such landing aids. The Microwave Landing System, unfortunately, fell behind schedule and went over budget while clever new approaches were greatly enhancing the capabilities of the Navstar system. With these new concepts in mind, the FAA’s experts have essentially abandoned the Microwave Landing System in favor of a Navstar-based approach toward flight vectoring and air traffic control. Roughly one-third of the world’s airplanes are based in the United States. Consequently, officials in other countries are expected to rely on the GPS in a similar manner. They are of course, in addition, building and installing space-based navigation systems of their own to replace and accentuate the capabilities of the GPS system. FUTURE APPROACHES TO AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL The backbone of the Federal Aviation Administration’s rapidly evolving concept for future air traffic control is based on its Wide-Area Augmentation System (WAAS). The WAAS architecture calls for a total commitment two dependent surveillance techniques based on wide-area differential navigation. If it’s proposed architecture successfully materializes, every airplane that flies in the American airspace (excluding hang gliders and ultralights) will probably be equipped with a differential GPS receiver rigged to handle wide-area differential navigation. In a conventional differential navigation system, each differential base station broadcasts pseudo-range and pseudo-range-rate corrections directly to the users within a circular coverage region a few hundred nautical miles in diameter. This approach is conceptually simple and easy to implement, but as many as 500 differential base stations would be required to provide seamless coverage for the lower 48 states. Wide-area differential navigation, by contrast, can provide coverage over a comparable area with only 25 to 30 monitor stations linked to a centrally located master station. As Figure 1 indicates, the widely scattered monitor stations transmit real-time pseudorange measurements and other information to the master station where computer processing algorithms process all the measurements simultaneously as a unit. By processing large matrix arrays of overdetermined measurements, the master station produces and broadcasts information associated with each GPS satellite that is within sight of the United States: 1. 3-D satellite ephemeris corrections 2. Clock-bias errors 3. Real-time ionospheric corrections. Each local receiver then plucks off the appropriate constants associated with its current navigation solution. Careful computer processing of those values coupled with an appropriate set of conventional real-time pseudo-range measurements allows each user to obtain a dramatically improved navigation solution with essentially differential accuracy over the entire coverage area in real time.
The FAA’s Wide Area Augmentation System employs 25 to 30 widely dispersed monitor stations that transmit real-time pseudo-range and pseudo-range-rate corrections to a centrally located master station. The master station then computes generalize “differential corrections” that span the entire lower forty-eight states. These values are then transmitted up to a small collection of geostationary satellites serving the system for rebroadcast back down to the users on or near the ground below.