The National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) was supposed to be the next generation satellite system for monitoring weather, atmosphere, oceans, land and near-space environment. The first one, named “Charlie 1” (or “C1”) was scheduled to go up in 2013.NPOESS was to be operated by the NOAA / NESDIS / NPOESS Program Executive Office Flight Operations at the NOAA Satellite Operations Facility (NSOF) in Suitland, MD. Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (NGAS) was the primary system integrator for the NPOESS project. Raytheon, Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. and Boeing are developing the sensors.However, due to issues with sensor developments, multiple production delays and cost-overruns, the White House ordered the project to dissolve and split into two separate lines of polar-orbiting satellites to serve military and civilian users.
What is NPP?
NPP is the bridge between the original EOS missions and the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS). JPSS, previously called the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS), will be developed by NASA for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
When is NPP is supposed to be launched?
NPP is scheduled to launch into orbit from Vandenberg Air Force Base in southern California on October 25, 2011.
Is it ready to go?
It is, according to the number of tests that were performed (dynamic, electromagnetic compatibility, thermal vacuum, etc.) You can read more detailed information on the tests performed here.
What do you think? Is NPP ready for launch in October?